Tracing Surgical Management of Fistula in Ano (Nasoore-E-Maqad) in Unani Medicine

Tracing Surgical Management of Fistula in Ano (Nasoore-E-Maqad) in Unani Medicine

1. Abstract The fistula in ano is one of the most challenging issues and is always a struggle for surgeons to handle. Hippocrates not only defined the pathophysiology, clinical manifestations and management of Fistula in Ano, but also clarified the object of the procedure, which is to obliterate the fistula tract without effecting the continence. There are a lot of shocking and impressive developments made after Hippocrates by the Unani scholar mostly by al-Razi, the great Unani surgeon Abulqasim Al-Zahrawi and Ibn Sina.