1. Literature Review
When discussing, What’s Important: Moving Beyond “Idiopathic” in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis, answers to etiology are not beyond our reach however more research is needed. Etiology of idiopathic scoliosis (IS) is indeed among the lesser-studied elements of research topics of idiopathic scoliosis. A review of 2,974 English-language publications relating to scoliosis research from 2010 to 2019 noted that when compared to evaluation, management, bracing and surgery, etiology research has been much under-studied (unpublished data). Results of this review by subheading area of research are shown in (Figure 1). Of the 2,974 AIS related publications, only 420, or 14%, were etiopathogenesis while in contrast, 1073, or 36%, were surgery papers.